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Lara Croft ist die Protagonistin der Video- und Computerspiel-Serie Tomb Raider. Erfunden wurde Lara Croft von Toby Gard, der damals noch bei dem Softwarehersteller Core Design Ltd. in Derby, England, angestellt war. Lara Croft ist die Protagonistin der Video- und Computerspiel-Serie Tomb Raider. Erfunden wurde Lara Croft von Toby Gard, der damals noch bei dem. Die junge Lara Croft arbeitet als Fahrradkurierin in London. Sie lebt ein eigenständiges Leben und weigert sich, den Konzern ihres seit sieben Jahren vermissten. Lara Croft. Aus radiostelar.co Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche. Lara Croft ist die Tochter von Lord Richard Henshingly Croft. Lara Croft: Tomb Raider. ()IMDb h 36minX-Ray Ungewollt gerät die Tochter des verschollenen Archäologen Lord Croft ins Fadenkreuz des.
Die junge Lara Croft arbeitet als Fahrradkurierin in London. Sie lebt ein eigenständiges Leben und weigert sich, den Konzern ihres seit sieben Jahren vermissten. Lara Croft kehrt zurück im neuen Videospiel "Shadow of the Tomb Raider". Doch neu ist daran eigentlich nichts. Warum bloß lieben wir. Lara Croft ist die Protagonistin der Video- und Computerspiel-Serie Tomb Raider. Erfunden wurde Lara Croft von Toby Gard, der damals noch bei dem.
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When Tomb Raider was initially being developed, the game was set to star a character reminiscent of a mustachioed Indiana Jones , right down to attire.
During development, the character was scrapped and new character was created. Core Design later decided to rename her to Lara and make her a hometown hero, and changed Lara's origin to England.
Going through the phone book to find a name that sounded similar to the name they had, the found the name "Lara Croft" and renamed their character, as well as giving her an upper class upbringing.
See also: Tomb Raider and Lara Croft in other media. Lara Croft has been massively popular since her debut in She is seen by many to be the number one heroine in gaming history, surpassing the likes of Samus Aran from the Metroid series.
Lara's popularity lead to her being adapted to other forms of media as well as being used used in advertising for products such as Lucozade, a brand of energy drink, Seat cars and even a line of chocolate bars.
Lara garnered status as a sex symbol of gaming, leading to her being portrayed by various models for photo shoots.
However this has lead to some backlash from feminist groups who took issue with Lara's sex appeal being used for marketing purposes, as well as by parental groups who objected to sexual content in video games.
In a ring road in Derby was named "Lara Croft Way" after the local council opened a vote to the public to decide the road's name. Lara had a star on the Walk of Game in San Francisco before the area was renovated.
Lara's classic attire of a tank top, shorts and combat boots has become a recurring garb of female explorers within the genre, similar to how more classic movie heroes would wear a fedora and leather jacket, which is notably worn by the characters, David Jones in China , Fred C.
Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Microsoft Windows. Dark Horse Comics , Prima Publishing, , s. Eidos Interactive , listopad Eidos Interactive , November Xbox Eurogamer , W: IGN [on-line].
News Corporation , 6 grudnia W: GameSpot [on-line]. Random House , Random House, Ballantine, Prima Games.
Chicago Sun-Times , Tomb Raider: Legend Review. Ziff Davis ang. Hollywood Remains Game Crazy.
W: Wirtualna Polska [on-line]. W: Gry-Online [on-line]. Obsada na razie nieznana pol. W: Onet. W: Filmweb. Gamasutra, Spin: Toon Raider.
GameSpot, Top Cow Productions. Comic Vine. Guinness, , s. The Guardian, GameDaily, MNS games, Tomber Raider 2 Preview. US Imagine Publishing ang.
GameStop ang. Spin: Where's Lara. Tomber Raider: Out of the Darkness. Hype — Tomb Raider: Legend. Ziff Davis] ang. The Next Tomb Raider.
Tomb Raider Legend Preview. Tomb Raider: Underworld Preview. Tomb Raider: Legend Preview. Tomb Raider 8 Preview. Edge, Tomb Raider Anniversary Preview.
Eidos Interactive, The Evolution of an Icon. Fusion Publishing ang. Game Informer, Tomb Raider: Underworld. Computer and Video Games, Game Informer, 4 marca Game Informer, 14 grudnia In the process she learns of the existence of Thor 's hammer, Mjölnir.
Producer Lloyd Levin stated that the film makers tried to capture the essence of the video game elements rather than duplicate them. Acknowledging the character's "huge fan base" and recognisable appearance, director Simon West sought an actress with acting ability as well as physical attributes similar to Croft.
She had not been a fan of the character, but considered the role as a "big responsibility", citing anxiety about fans' high expectations.
Jolie braided her hair and used minimal padding to increase her bust a cup size to 36D for the role.
Jolie trained rigorously for the action scenes required for the role, occasionally sustaining injuries.
Jolie also encountered difficulties when working the guns, bungee jumping, and maneuvering with the braid.
Lin intended to reboot the film series with a young Croft in an origin story. On 28 April , it was announced that Alicia Vikander would be playing Lara in the next film adaptation.
Beginning in , the character regularly appeared in comics by Top Cow Productions. Lara Croft first appeared in a crossover in Sara Pezzini 's Witchblade , and later starred in her own comic book series in The web series is a collection of ten short animated films that features re-imagined versions of Croft by well-known animators, comic book artists, and writers, including Jim Lee , Warren Ellis , and Peter Chung.
Core Design , a subsidiary of Eidos, [d] created Lara Croft as the lead protagonist of its video game Tomb Raider , which began development in Core Design co-founder Jeremy Smith characterised the design as derivative of Indiana Jones , and asked for more originality.
Gard was keen to animate the character realistically, an aspect he felt the industry at the time had disregarded. Core Design improved and modified the character with each instalment.
The developers expanded the character's set of moves threefold to allow more interaction with the environment, like swinging on ropes and kicking open doors.
Feeling the series lacked innovation, Core Design decided to kill the character and depicted Croft trapped by a cave-in during the final scenes of the game.
The development team felt it could not alter the character and instead opted to place her in a situation different from previous games.
Excess content, missed production deadlines, and Eidos's desire to time the game's launch to coincide with the release of the Tomb Raider film resulted in a poorly designed game; Croft was brought back to life without explanation and the character controls lacked precision.
Angel of Darkness was received poorly, prompting Eidos—fearing financial troubles [e] from another unsuccessful game—to give development duties for future titles to Crystal Dynamics , another Eidos subsidiary.
Chip Blundell, Eidos's vice-president of brand management, commented that the designers understood that fans saw the character and brand as their own, rather than Eidos's.
Crystal Dynamics focused on believability rather than realism to re-develop the character, posing decisions around the question, "What could Lara do?
The animations were also updated so the character could better interact with environmental objects. More attention was paid to the character's lip synching and facial expressions to allow for dynamic emotional responses to in-game events.
Her shirt was changed to a V-neck crop top, her body was given more muscle tone, and her hair braid was switched to a pony tail.
The developers used the death to evoke guilt in Croft afterward and illustrate that shooting a person should be a difficult choice.
Tomb Raider: Underworld continued the plot line established in Legend. The dirt accumulation and water cleansing mechanic from Legend was altered to be a real-time mechanic that can involve the entire game environment.
The hair was created as a real-time cloth simulation to further add realism to its shape and movement. The developers kept Croft's hair tied back because they felt a real person would not want it flying around while performing dangerous manoeuvres.
The developers tried to redefine Lara Croft's actions by questioning what they felt the character was capable of.
The game uses the same technology featured in the studio's past Tomb Raider games. In late , Square Enix announced a franchise reboot titled Tomb Raider ; the new Lara Croft would be a darker, grittier reimagining of the character.
Staff opted to first work on the character's biography rather than cosmetic aspects. Crystal Dynamics sought to avoid the embellished physique of past renditions and pushed for realistic proportions.
In redesigning the character's appearance, the designers began with simple concepts and added features that it felt made Lara Croft iconic: a ponytail, "M-shaped" lips, and the spatial relationship between her eyes, mouth, and nose.
The company also changed the character's wardrobe, focusing on what it believed was more functional and practical. In designing the outfits, staff aimed to create a look that was "relevant" and "youthful", but not too "trendy" or "hip".
To gauge the redesign, Crystal Dynamics conducted eye tracking studies on subjects who viewed the new version and previous ones. Similar to Underworld , the new Tomb Raider features motion capture-based animation.
In an effort to present realism and emotion in the character, Crystal Dynamics captured face and voice performances to accompany the body performances.
The company plans to revamp Croft's in-game combat abilities. Crystal Dynamics aims to make the "combat fresh to the franchise, competitive amongst [similar games], and relevant to the story.
The studio reasoned that such a system would cause players to be more invested in the action by fostering a "raw, brutal, and desperate" style.
Global brand director Karl Stewart stated that such desperation relates to the updated character's inexperience with violence.
He further commented that Lara Croft is thrust into a situation where she is forced to kill, which will be a traumatic and defining moment for her.
However, interaction with the press, especially those in Europe, resulted in less clothing depicted in promotional images.
He stated that Eidos primarily focused on game development and viewed such promotion outside video games as exposure for the character.
Lara Croft has appeared on the cover of multiple video game magazines. Music groups have dedicated songs to the character, culminating in the release of the album A Tribute to Lara Croft.
The school approached Eidos about use of the character. Eidos allowed the one-time licence due to Core Design's inclusion of Gordonstoun in Croft's fictional biography without the school's permission.
The foundation felt that the character personified the benefits of a healthy body, and that young teenagers could relate to Croft.
Lara Croft's likeness has been a model for merchandise. The first action figures were produced by Toy Biz , based on the video game version of the character.
The quantity prompted Eidos to quickly produce autographed cards to meet demand. The line included wallets, watches, bathrobes, and Zippo lighters.
The exhibit featured selected artwork of the character submitted by artists and fans. Pieces included oil and airbrushed paintings, photo comics , and Klinnert's model; SZM Studios provided the computer-generated footage it had created for Die Ärzte's music video and the Brigitte magazine television commercial.
Eidos hired several models to portray Lara Croft at publicity events, promotions, trade shows, and photo shoots.
Cook was followed by British actress Rhona Mitra from to Eidos then updated the Croft costume to match its video game depiction.
Lara Weller followed McAndrew from to Subsequent models were Lucy Clarkson from to and Jill de Jong , who wore a new costume based on Lara Croft's new appearance in Angel of Darkness from to Karima Adebibe became the model from to , and wore a costume based on the updated version of Croft in Legend.
To prepare for the role, Adebibe trained in areas the character was expected to excel in like combat, motorcycling, elocution, and conduct.
Lara Croft's debut is often cited as a catalyst for more female leads in video games. In , Radleigh Homes placed a blue plaque for Croft at the site of Core Design's former offices, now a block of flats.
Movies and IGN credit Jolie's role in the first Tomb Raider film with significantly raising her profile and propelling her to international super-stardom, respectively.
Lara Croft's introduction was widely regarded as an innovation in the video game market,     with Rob Smith of PlayStation: The Official Magazine describing her as a video game icon of that generation of games.
PlayStation Magazine stated alternatively that Tomb Raider ' s PlayStation success propelled the character to prominence, making her a mascot for the system.
Crystal Dynamics' rendition of Croft in Legend garnered wide, though not universal, praise; many publications described the portrayal as a successful reboot.
Game Informer named Lara Croft the number six top video game hero of , citing the character's successful reprise in popularity. He praised Eidos's decision to switch developers and Crystal Dynamics' contributions, especially the character's new gameplay manoeuvres and updated appearance.
Burton added that Croft is perceived differently around the world. French demographics focus on her sex appeal, while German and British audiences are drawn to her aggressiveness and aloofness, respectively.
Lara Croft holds a Guinness World Record as the "most recognized female video game character",   and received a star on the Walk of Game in San Francisco.
PlayStation Magazine described Croft as "one of today's premier videogame and movie heroes", and Play magazine described her as "3D gaming's first female superstar".
PlayStation Magazine described the character as "one of the biggest stars on the PlayStation". Colin Campbell praised the character, stating that "she shows surprisingly vulnerable insights as she ponders her own life choices.
Lara Croft has become a sex symbol for video games, despite Toby Gard's intentions for her to be sexy "only because of her power". PlayStation Magazine described Lara Croft as the first video game character openly thought of as sexy, and attributed the appearance of similar 3D characters to her.
Male players have performed in-game actions to make Lara Croft repeatedly say phrases and view closer camera angles of her bust, while pornography featuring the character has been distributed via the internet.
Despite Core Design's denial of such a code, the rumour persisted, fuelled by manipulated nude images. Reaction from groups have been mixed.
The journal Leonardo noted some feminists ' negative reaction to her design; though males were identifying with their feminine side through Croft, she reinforced unrealistic ideals about the female body.
Author Mark Cohen attributed Lara Croft's eroticism among male fans to the character's appearance and a male protective instinct.
German psychologist Oscar Holzberg described the protective behaviour as the result of the opportunity to act as a hero in virtual worlds and a fear of powerful, emancipated women.
Cohen affirmed that despite blatant male appeal, Croft garnered a serious female audience. Smith believed that Croft does not alienate prospective female players, representing an emancipated heroine and not simply an attractive character.
Griffith described Lara Croft as a flawed female influence. He stated that though the character is a step in the right direction, too many women view her as a "crudely realised male fantasy figure".
Ismini Roby of WomenGamers. She stated that the over-sexualized appearance was overlooked because the character was a "breath of fresh air".
However, Roby felt that though Lara Croft's proportions have become more realistic, the character's personality was diluted by the developer's actions to appeal to a male audience.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the video game character. For the American model, see Laura Croft. Tomb Raider protagonist character.
Heidi Moneymaker Camilla Luddington —Present. See also: List of Tomb Raider media. Angelina Jolie left portrayed Lara Croft in the and films.
Alicia Vikander right played the character in the reboot. We wanted to make a girl that felt familiar, but still has a special quality about her.
Something about the way her eyes look and the expression on her face makes you want to care for her. That was our number one goal.
We wanted to have empathy for Lara, and at the same time show the inner strength that made clear she was going to become a hero.
Jill de Jong. Karima Adebibe. Alison Carroll. Many models have portrayed Lara Croft for promotional appearances, earning the character a Guinness World Record for the "most official real-life stand-ins".
Fast-forward eight years through the evolution of next-gen hardware, multimillion-dollar budgets, and massive acceptance of games in pop culture.
Still, Lara Croft continues to personify an ongoing culture clash over gender, sexuality, empowerment, and objectification.
Eidos subsequently acquired CentreGold in April Behind The Voice Actors. Archived from the original on 24 September Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original on 11 August Archived from the original on 28 July Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 17 June PC Gamer.
Future US : Computer and Video Games Presents. Future Publishing 3 : 20— Roseville, California: Prima Games. Hodgson 27 May Arcade: The Videogame Magazine.
Future Publishing 1 : 46— Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 1 June Electronic Gaming Monthly.